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7 Jun ABSTRACT. Introduction: The skin acts as a barrier and prevents transcutaneous delivery of therapeutic agents. Transfersomes are novel. Key words: Edge activator, phosphatidylcholine, transfersomes, ultra-flexible Transfersome: A Novel Technique Which Improves Transdermal Permeability. 23 Feb prepare miconazole nitrate using Transfersomes to overcome the barrier Transfersomes was incorporated into a Carbapol gel base.

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Oxygen mask and Nasal cannula Oxygen concentrator Anaesthetic machine Relative analgesia machine. The system was developed and evaluated for its physicochemical characteristics, such as particle size, surface charge, entrapment efficiency, loading efficiency, stability, and in transfrrsomes skin permeation. In vivo studies using a modified forced swim model test It was found that the transfersomal gel EL-SP4 0.

Rheology studies were conducted in the shear rate range of A mouse was judged to be immobile whenever it remained passively floating in the water in a slightly hunched but upright position, its head just above the surface. View at Google Transfereomes G. After storage at RT for 7 days, no sedimentation was present in any formulation data not shown. Carbopol was selected as the gel matrix base. View at Google Scholar T. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

The F of MX permeated through the skin in transfersomes was significantly higher than in liposomes. Elastic liposomes mediated transdermal delivery of an anti-hypertensive agent: Transfersomes Idea AG are a form of elastic or deformable vesicle, which were first introduced in the early s.

Turbidity measurements Transformation of transfersomes into mixed micelles is a concentration-dependent process and was governed mainly by the progressive formation of mixed micelles within the bilayer. This was due to better deformability of the transfersomal gel than of the drug gel. Characterization of elastic liposomal formulations Entrapment efficiency Percentage entrapment efficiency was conducted by the centrifuge method.

At time intervals of 0. Skin delivery of 5-Fluorouracil from ultra deformable and traditional liposomes in vitro. Conventional lipid suspensions, such as standard liposomes or mixed lipid micelles, do not mediate a systemic biological effect upon epicutaneous applications.

These results indicated that the particle size of the vesicles was not affected by lipid composition cholesterol and surfactant. In vitro and in vivo transfection efficiency of a novel ultra deformable cationic polymer.


Many factors influence the percutaneous penetration behavior of LPs, including particle size, surface charge, lipid composition, bilayer elasticity, lamellarity, and type of LP [ 712 ]. For the slab matrix, if the exponent is 0. Vesicles without sonication were also visualized by using an optical microscope Leica digital microscope, Germany.

Journal of Drug Delivery

New vehicles for the non-invasive delivery of agents are introduced. Elasticity is generated by incorporation of an edge activator in the lipid bilayer structure. The term Transfersome and the underlying concept were introduced in by Gregor Cevc. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

The polydispersity values of the formulation were found to be low 0.

In vitro drug release studies through a cellophane membrane Each transfersomal gel formulation and control gel was subjected to in vitro drug release studies using a cellophane membrane. Generate a file for use with external citation management software.

The total duration of immobility, struggling, and swimming were measured during a 5 min test. The probable reason for the high permeation of the transfersomal gel formulations may be the partitioning of vesicles into the stratum corneum, which is an important process as it drives the partitioning of vesicle-bound drug into the skin. Carbopol was swelled in a small amount of water for 24 h and a high viscous solution transferaomes obtained, and the transfersomal suspension was slowly added to the viscous solution of carbopol under magnetic stirring.

Characterization and In Vitro Skin Permeation of Meloxicam-Loaded Liposomes versus Transfersomes

Shed snake skin from the Siamese cobra Naja kaouthia was used as a model membrane for the skin permeation study because of its similarity to human skin in lipid content and permeability. Final traces of solvents were removed under vacuum overnight.

Category WikiProject Pharmacy portal. On the other hand, the characteristic pressure needed transfersimes achieve a significant transport rate with the vesicles suspension mainly depends on the adaptability of the bilayer being evaluated. All of the formulations EL-SP1 to EL-SP5 were found to be in the nano size range and were therefore incorporated into the gel matrix resulting in transfersomal gel. Different transfersomal formulations were prepared with non-ionic surfactant span 80soya lecithin, and carbopol by the rotary evaporation sonication method.


The particle size of MX suspension was determined, and the MX suspension was used in the skin permeation experiment.

The results indicated that the type of carrier systems and lipid composition affected the trajsfersomes efficiency and loading efficiency of MX in the vesicle formulations.

Hence, the developed formulation was free of skin irritation Fig. Direct formation of mixed micelle in the solublization of phospholipid trransfersomes by Triton X References [1] Kilts CD.

The viscosity of the transfersomal suspension formulation EL-SP4 For example, a Transfersome vesicle applied on an open biological surface, such as non-occluded skintends to penetrate its barrier and migrate into the water-rich deeper strata to secure adequate hydration. Release profile of sertraline permeated across cellophane membrane from different formulations. This characteristic may explain the increase in entrapment efficiency of MX in the bilayer of the vesicles.

If cholesterol could be transferwomes with phospholipids in the skin, it could add more structure to the bilayer.

By addition of at least one bilayer softening component such as a biocompatible surfactant or an amphiphile drug lipid bilayer flexibility and permeability are greatly increased. The form preferred by researchers and pharmacologists is an ultradeformable vesicle possessing an aqueous core surrounded by the complex lipid bilayer.

The vertical type of the Franz Diffusion cell was tranfersomes, fabricated, and validated prior to the permeation study. Furthermore, skin irritation studies and an in vivo study of the optimized transfersomal formulation was also conducted using the modified forced swim model test in mice. Abstract New vehicles for the non-invasive delivery of agents are introduced. Transfersome vesicles are prepared transfersomed a similar manner as liposomes, transfersomrs that no separation of the vesicle-associated and free drug is required.

The cumulative amount of drug release was calculated for each formulation.