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1. Neurosurg Rev. Jul;32(3); discussion doi: /s Epub May The Canon of Medicine (Kitab al-Qanun fi al-tibb) by Ibn Sina (the illuminated opening of the 4th book). A rare complete copy made in Iran probably at the begin. A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one.

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Ibn Sina’s The Canon of Medicine

The Evolution Of Modern Medicine. The medical traditions of Galen and thereby Hippocrateshad dominated Islamic medicine from its beginnings. He contrasts Galen’s view that the brain is the “chief seat of sentient life” with Aristotle’s view that the heart is the source of all the body’s faculties, saying that if physicians considered the matter carefully they would agree with Aristotle that the heart was the ultimate source of all the faculties, even if for example the brain is where the rational faculty manifests itself.

The serous humour is described as a sweet fluid that is cold and moist in relation to blood and bilious humours. Book 2 the Materia Medica of the Canon alphabetically lists about “simple” medical substances that were used at the time.

Avicenna says that the hand, especially the palm and the tip of the index finger, is the most sensitive of all and attuned to tactile contact.


It is a literal translation, yet most of the terms of Arabic origin that are found in it have different meanings from those of today.

Padova; Editoriale Programma, ; p The Canon continues to explain the sun’s position in relation to ideal temperament and the role that climate and human skin play. Book 1 is made up of six theses which give a general description of medicine in general, tibbb cosmic elements that make up the cosmos and the human body, the gil interaction of elements temperamentsfluids of the body humourshuman anatomy, and physiology. The elements we experience are mixed with small amounts of other elements and are therefore not the pure elemental substances.

Part of a series on. Canon describes humans as having eight different “varieties of equipoise”, or differing temperaments.

Period of athletic power. This expanded theory of four temperaments is given in the following table: The four simple temperaments and four compound intemperaments can each be divided into “Those apart from any material substance” and “Those in which some material substance is concerned”, for a total of sixteen intemperaments.

Islamic Pedia – Al Qanun Fi Al Tibb القانُون فِي الطِّب

What is more, it also refers to subjects such as obesity and emaciation that affect the appearance, and preventive methods and tkbb for all of these are discussed. Ibn Sina drawing by A.

Avicenna begins part one by dividing theoretical medicine and medical practice. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Ibn Sina elaborated, classified and codified the subject in a scientific manner so that the Canon became a clear and ordered sum of all the medical knowledge of. Apart from the methodical classification and precise descriptions of aetiological factors and signs in his chapter on urinary disturbances, Ibn Sina pointed out the role of psychological factors in the treatment of certain cases of nocturnal nuresis.


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The Canon of Medicine – Wikipedia

He favoured proven remedies which had been tested through experience, cautioning that compounds could have unexpected or much stronger effects than might be expected from the effects of the individual components.

Retrieved from ” https: Archived from the original on 20 June The Canon then describes when temperaments are unequal, in other words, illness.

Serous humour resembles blood and is necessary for body tissues for two reasons: Fevers related to serous humour Rheumatism.

The direct benefit relates to the [phlegm], and the indirect refers to the fever. Bukhtishu family Ja’far al-Sadiq. Actions in such cases could be accidental: Retrieved 6 September Vital, Natural, and Animal [13].